1. Straight taxi out and back typically includes a braked stop before turning onto runway.
  2. Tail-dragger with brakes stops prior to takeoff after using rudder to move nose (l) & (r) during taxi to permit ease of forward view.
  3. Taxi out with 120′ turn back into the wind and hold prior to turning onto runway and run-up for takeoff. When landing, after turn onto taxiway aircraft makes a straight taxi back in opposite direction of taxi-out.
  4. Tail dragger without brakes may or may not stop prior to takeoff after using rudder to move nose (l) & (r) permitting pilot forward view during taxi. Typically, pilot slows, or may slow to a stop, to look for traffic prior to moving onto runway.


  1. Failure to stop if prototype aircraft has brakes.
  2. Failure to move tail dragger (l) & (r) during taxi-out & taxi-back.
  3. Failing to taxi-back if taxi-out maneuver was performed.
  4. Taxi speed greater than prototypical to type aircraft.
  5. Entering taxi at too high a speed or too quickly after landing.