The model aircraft approaches in straight and level flight on a line parallel with the Judges’ line. After passing the judges’ position a smooth climbing turn is commenced away from the judges. At the apex of the turn the bank should be at least 60º. The nose of the model aircraft then lowers and the bank comes off at the same rate as it went on. The turn is continued through 180º to recover straight and level flight at the same height and on a heading opposite to that of the entry. A low powered aircraft would be expected to execute a shallow dive at full throttle in order to pick up speed before commencing the maneuver. This option may only be nominated for non-aerobatic aircraft.


  1. Start and finish positions not as indicated.
  2. Insufficient climb achieved.
  3. Insufficient bank achieved.
  4. Climb and descent angles not equal throughout maneuver.
  5. Model aircraft does not fly a smooth and symmetrical arc
  6. Entry and exit paths not parallel with judges’ line.
  7. Overall size of maneuver not realistic for prototype.
  8. Model aircraft flight path not smooth and steady.
  9. Too far away / too close / too high / too low.